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Dieren en planten

Water en land

Mens en Milieu

Harbors   Port reception facilities   
Household and oil-containing wastes, Ecomare

Dutch Port Reception Facilities (PRF)

Good Port reception facilities (PRF) for waste products from the shipping industry are necessary if one wants to reduce discharges in the North Sea. Marine harbours with a port reception facility possess facilities for used oil and ship rubbish (including small chemical wastes). Some of these harbours also have facilities for receiving remnants of cargos from chemical tankers. Based upon the European Directive for the PRFs, as of 2004, all ships which dock in Dutch harbours are required to dispose of their wastes at a PRF.

  • Collection points

    Already in 1995, based upon the Act for Prevention of Pollution from Shipping, 35 marine harbours in the Netherlands have been designated to provide sufficient reception facilities for waste products from ships. This satifies the agreements made during the OSPAR treaties. There are different kinds of PRFs. There are wharves and terminals which collect wastes and there are mobile collection facilities (rubbish boats, and since recently in the harbour of Rotterdam, a large ship for wastes). There are also businesses which specialize in the collection and processing of waste products (such as Tank Cleaning Rotterdam). In order to keep the costs as low as possible, the network of PRFs is set up in such a way that monopolizing positions are very difficult to form.
    In October 2004, the Netherlands enforced the new EC directive for processing waste from sea-going ships. The North Sea Foundation is pleased with the directive for port reception facilities. However, they feel that the government and the harbours could have made the rules for waste from sea-going ships more simple. Only 30% of the costs for collection are paid in the harbour fees. The other costs must be paid per ship each time. In addition, the procedure to deposit waste is unnecessarily complicated because forms need to be filed. This makes throwing waste overboard cheaper and simpler for the vessels.
    Based upon the European Directive with regards to PRFs, the Netherlands will soon introduce a generally valid system for collecting shipping wastes. Every skipper or captain must report how much and what kind of waste he has on board before entering a harbour. The harbour must have a good plan for waste disposal. Every ship pays (as excess fare to the harbour fees) a contribution for the collection system, even when the ship has nothing to dispose of. Disposal is required and controllers will check at least a quarter of the ships for the quality of their waste collection.
    For the fisheries and pleasure boats, there is no requirement to report as far as wastes are concerned nor do they have to pay a contribution. However, if they have wastes on board, they are required to dispose of them at the harbour. The fishing harbours must also have a waste disposal plan. The larger yacht harbours usually have a container system for separate collection of waste. For skippers in inland waters and the fisheries, a shipping environmental plan has been availalbe since October 2003. This is a practical workbook for environmental and waste cares on board.