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Dieren en planten

Decapods   Prawns and shrimp   Brown Shrimp   Prawns   Fauna in tidal areas   Fish   

Brown shrimp


up to 9 centimeters long


transparent gray with spots, brownish pink when cooked


2 to 5 years


omnivore, also carrion


flatfish, young seals, birds, shrimp fishermen




only 1 out of 50,000 shrimp eggs reaches the adult stage. The rest are either eaten or die due to other reasons.

  • Dut: Gewone garnaal (grijze garnaal, Noordzee garnaal, gernaarts (B), geernaars (B))
  • Lat: Crangon crangon
  • Eng: Common shrimp (brown shrimp)
  • Ger: Sandgarnele (Granat, Krabbe, Nordseegarnele, Garnele)
  • Fren: Crevette
  • Dan: Hestereje (sandhest)
Brown shrimp, foto fitis, sytske dijksen

Brown Shrimp

The common shrimp is of great commercial importance in the Netherlands. Many fishermen in†the Wadden Sea, the delta waters and along the North Sea coast specialize in catching shrimp. They are true sand dwellers. Tip: do not look for pink shrimp in the water. They only turn pink when cooked. In the water, they are the same color as the sand. Marine animals also eat shrimp. For example, adult flatfish are crazy about them, while shrimp themselves like to nibble on young flatfish.

On Texel

Shrimp catching, foto fitis, sytske dijksen

Lots of shrimp are caught around the island. As a tourist, you can book a trip on a shrimp boat and experience what shrimp fishing is all about.

  • Invisible shrimp
    shrimp, close up, sytske dijksen, foto fitis

    You don't readily see shrimp on the sea bottom. Only if they move around do you notice them. Shrimp have an excellent camouflage. Their color is half transparent and the spots on their body look like sand grains. When in danger, they dig themselves into the bottom within 10 seconds, whereby only their antennae and eyes stick out of the sand. Catching shrimp by hand is not easy since they tend to shoot away in unexpected directions. You have a greater chance using a special fishing net that you push over the bottom. The shrimp hiding in the bottom jump out of their burrow and land in the net. Shrimp fishermen use bobbins that roll over the sea bottom to frighten the animals.