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  • Dut: Langsnuitzeepaardje (klein zeepaardje)
  • Lat: Hippocampus ramulosus, Hippocampus guttulatus
  • Eng: (common) seahorse
  • Ger: Seepferdchen
  • Dan: Sĝhest
  • Dut: Kortsnuitzeepaardje
  • Lat: Hippocampus hippocampus
  • Eng: Short-snouted seahorse
  • Ger: Kurzschnäuziges Seepferdchen
Sea horse, johan krol


Seahorses are related to the pipefish. This strange fish, no longer than 15 centimeters, lives between eelgrass and seaweed, which it grips with its tail. Seahorses eat mainly small crustaceans and fish larvae. The eggs of seahorses are carried by the males in a pouch. Seahorses live mostly in the Mediterranean Sea, but in recent years have also been found more often in the Wadden Sea.

  • Seahorses in the Wadden Sea
    Sea horse, foto fitis, sytske dijksen

    Up till the end of the 20th century, short-snouted seahorses were very rare in the Wadden Sea and were certainly not found every year. Nowadays, they are caught more often. In May and June 2007, shrimp fishermen caught two seahorses shortly one after the other. They were delivered alive to the Nature Center on Ameland. In 1998, a fisherman from Texel caught a seahorse which was released again after a photo session with the local press. At the end of July 2000, a shrimp fishing boat from Terschelling caught a seahorse in the Wadden Sea. The catch was donated to the natural history museum on the island. Two seahorses were found in 2014: scientists from the NIOZ found one in the fyke near Texel and a month later, sailors saw one swimming in the Vlieland harbor.

  • Seahorses in the North Sea
    Sea horse, foto fitis, sytske dijksen

    In the North Sea, two to thirty seahorses are caught per year. In those cases, it is usually the common seahorse, but since 2002 the short-snouted seahorse is being caught more often as well.

  • Magazine

    The news letter from the Dutch Beach Workgroup, called the Zeepaard ('Seahorse'), has been named after this unusual animal.