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Great scallop

size:

up to 20 centimeters

color:

external: reddish brown
internal: yellow-white or white

age

10 to 20 years

food:

phytoplankton

enemies:

crabs, people

reproduction:

sexual

  • Dut: St. Jacobsschelp
  • Lat: Pecten Maximus
  • Eng: Great Scallop, St James scallop
  • Ger: Große Kammmuschel, Pilgermuschel
  • Fren: Coquille St. Jaques
  • Dan: jakobsmusling
Great scallop, Ecomare

Great scallop

Seen on a world scale, the great scallop is the most important shellfish for the fisheries. More than a million tons are fished yearly. The shell is the logo for Shell, but also for the pilgrims that used to travel to the town of Santiago de Compostella in Galicia (northwest Spain). Pilgrims took the scallop with them, in honor of Saint James. This is also another name for the great scallop. The animals are very lively. They can jump and even swim around by quickly opening and closing their valves. They have light-sensitive spots on the edges of the mantle which help them to 'see'.

  • Habitat

    Great scallops are found in the northern North Sea between 10 and 110 meters deep.